It is important to discuss all of your treatment options, including their goals and possible side effects, with your doctors to help make the decision that best fits your needs.It’s also very important to ask questions if you’re not sure about something.Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.
In some cases they may be the only way to get access to newer treatments.
A mnemonic sometimes used to remember some of the common symptoms of multiple myeloma is CRAB: C = Calcium (elevated), R = Renal failure, A = Anemia, B = Bone lesions.
Myeloma has many other possible symptoms, including opportunistic infections (e.g., pneumonia) and weight loss.
When only one mass is present, it is known as a plasmacytoma while more than one is known as multiple myeloma.
Multiple myeloma is diagnosed based on blood or urine tests finding abnormal antibodies, bone marrow biopsy finding cancerous plasma cells, and medical imaging finding bone lesions.
Participating in this study will require that blood and bone marrow samples be obtained as a part of the diagnostic work-up or follow-up of your multiple myeloma.