Another characteristic of carbon 14 is that it is continually being formed in the upper atmosphere as a product of the reaction between neutrons produced by cosmic rays and nitrogen atoms.
These carbon 14 atoms then instantaneously react with oxygen present in the atmosphere to form carbon dioxide.
WHEN Willard Libby and his col leagues introduced carbon-14 dating a number of years ago the technique was immediately recognized as a potentially valuable tool for objectively determining the age of carbonaceous archeological specimens.
The basic validity of carbon-14 dating has now been established beyond reasonable doubt.
This in no way discredits the basic technique as there are known sources of error that are expected to produce occasional anomalies.
Creationists have typically insisted that carbon-14 dates are not valid indicators of time for more than about four to five thou sand years before the present.
Evolutionists do not recognize this limitation and accept the entire range of dates based on carbon-14 analysis.
Photomicrograph of fibers from middle of carbon 14 sample. For those who after 1988 continued to believe that the Shroud was the genuine burial cloth of Jesus, a winter of ridicule and doubts has ended.
say give it a slower rate of decomposition than expected. Water would not affect in any way, shape, form or fashion the rate at which carbon-14 atoms decay.
If one believed in Noah and the Flood, according to Carbon Dating the calulation of Earths History was given but the Water aspect was over looked so... The decay rate is a characteristic of the nucleus itself.
What has not been established securely are the limitations of the method.
All competent scholars agree that occasionally carbon-14 dates are at variance with other scientific data.
Carbon-14 cannot be used to date biological artifacts of organisms that did not get their carbon dioxide from the air.